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Top 10 Manual Testing Interview Questions for Fresher


Top 10 Manual Testing Interview Question for Fresher




What is risk-based testing?
          
Risk-based Testing is the term used for an approach to creating a test strategy that is based on prioritizing tests by risk. The basis of the approach is a detailed risk analysis and prioritizing of risks by risk level. Tests to address each risk are then specified, starting with the highest risk first.

What is the benefit of test independence?
          
It avoids author bias in defining effective tests.

What is the difference between Testing Techniques and Testing Tools?

Testing technique: – Is a process for ensuring that some aspects of the application system or unit functions properly there may be few techniques but many tools.
Testing Tools: – Is a vehicle for performing a test process. The tool is a resource to the tester, but itself is insufficient to conduct testing.

What is functional system testing?

Testing the end to end functionality of the system as a whole is defined as a functional system testing.

What are the different Methodologies in Agile Development Model?

There are currently seven different agile methodologies that I am aware of:

  • Extreme Programming (XP)
  • Scrum
  • Lean Software Development
  • Feature-Driven Development
  • Agile Unified Process
  • Crystal
  • Dynamic Systems Development Model (DSDM)



What is random/monkey testing? When it is used?

Random testing often known as monkey testing. In such type of testing data is generated randomly often using a tool or automated mechanism. With this randomly generated input the system is tested and results are analysed accordingly. These testing are less reliable; hence it is normally used by the beginners and to see whether the system will hold up under adverse effects. 

What are the phases of a formal review?

In contrast to informal reviews, formal reviews follow a formal process. A typical formal review process consists of six main steps:
  • Planning
  • Kick-off
  • Preparation
  • Review meeting
  • Rework
  • Follow-up.

What is the role of moderator in review process?

The moderator (or review leader) leads the review process. He or she determines, in co-operation with the author, the type of review, approach and the composition of the review team. The moderator performs the entry check and the follow-up on the rework, in order to control the quality of the input and output of the review process. The moderator also schedules the meeting, disseminates documents before the meeting, coaches other team members, paces the meeting, leads possible discussions and stores the data that is collected.

When "Regression Testing" should be performed?

After the software has changed or when the environment has changed Regression testing should be performed.

What is negative and positive testing?

A negative test is when you put in an invalid input and receives errors. While a positive testing, is when you put in a valid input and expect some action to be completed in accordance with the specification. 

What is the difference between re-testing and regression testing?

Re-testing ensures the original fault has been removed; regression testing looks for unexpected side effects.


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